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7 Common Carpet Materials

7 Common Carpet Materials
  • Wool ~ Wool is the fiber harvested from domesticated sheep. Depending on the variety, the texture varies from very fine to very thick; the same virgin fiber length also varies in length. Generally, short-fiber wool is mostly used in the manufacture of general-quality carpets, while high-quality long-fiber wool is used in high-end carpets. Wool can be dyed any color, making it an intensely colored area rug.
      • Advantages and advantages: Usually when judging the quality of a carpet, we will focus on the durability of the carpet and the longest possible service life. Thanks to the scale of overlapping fiber structures, wool is an extremely resilient fiber with longevity and collapse resistance. In addition, it dyes very well and can be used to make any type of carpet. A high-quality, well-kept wool rug can last for generations.
      • Note: Because wool is a natural fiber, wool rugs do require more care and maintenance than man-made fibers. The important thing is that the wool carpet will be treated with antibacterial before leaving the factory. A few people may be allergic to wool rugs that have a distinctive animal smell when wet. Wool is inherently prone to fluff and pilling, both of which can be easily controlled. Wool is also one of the finest fibers for making area rugs.
      • Maintenance: Wool carpets should be vacuumed regularly, and cleaned immediately in case of dirt. Can be wet washed but takes longer to dry. Professional dry cleaning is recommended. In addition, it is necessary to avoid vigorous wiping and excessive brushing to loosen the plush or produce fluff.
      • Nylon ~ A synthetic compound based on raw materials such as phenol, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen. Nylon is heated into a solution and extruded into long strands. These threads can be textured and cut to different lengths for different texture effects.
          • Advantages: Nylon is an elastic fiber used to produce all kinds of different types of carpets. This fiber is strong, durable, elastic and abrasion resistant. Nylon fiber has many advantages such as excellent color fastness, stain hiding, excellent fluffiness and extremely low pilling, non-allergen, mildew and insect resistance.
          • Note: A small number of nylons are prone to static electricity. In addition, it can be found that nylon fiber has a special luster, which makes some consumers dislike this luster.
          • Care and Maintenance: Nylon rugs are very easy to clean, regular vacuuming and immediate handling of dirt will keep the rug looking like new for many years to come. In addition, steam, wet, dry cleaning and chemical cleaning are all effective.
          • Polypropylene Fiber ~ This fiber is a long chain polymer synthesized from ethylene or propane gas.
            • Pros: Polypropylene fibers are lightweight, durable, strong, and affordable. The fibers are resistant to fuzzing, pilling and abrasion. Polypropylene fiber carpets are widely used in the manufacture of indoor carpets and outdoor carpets.
            • Note: Polypropylene fiber has a slightly worse touch than the above-mentioned 2 types of fiber, and the fiber must be optimized by heat setting, twisting, etc. to make it soft and resistant to fading and qualitative changes caused by sunlight.
            • Care and Maintenance: Basic maintenance such as regular vacuuming and immediate treatment of stains. Polypropylene fibers are extremely easy to clean and maintain and are unaffected by moisture, acids and most chemicals.
            • Polyester Fibers ~ Polyester fibers are long chain polymers produced from the reaction between carboxylic acids and glycols.
              • Advantages: Polyester fiber has excellent dyeing absorption and retention effect, which is very similar to wool. Very soft to the touch, in addition, it is also a very durable fiber that is anti-lint, mildew and moth resistant as well as non-allergenic and non-absorbent.
              • Note: Polyester fluff is prone to napping and must be heat-set to maintain the twist in the yarn. Heat-set polyester fibers are a good choice for home rugs.
              • Maintenance: Basically, polyester fiber is a man-made fiber that is easy to care for. Regular vacuuming and immediate treatment of stains are the most basic maintenance methods.
              • Acrylic yarn ~ Acrylic yarn is a kind of man-made fiber, which was developed by DuPont in the 1950s. It is a long-chain polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of acrylonitrile units and is also a synthetic fiber. Originally developed to replace wool, it has been gradually replaced by other man-made fibers or blended with wool or used alone to make household rugs.
                • Advantages: It has a hand feel and dyeing power very close to wool, and is light in weight. Anti-fouling. Very good water absorption and easy to clean, non-allergens and affordable prices are its advantages.
                • Note: Compared with other fiber types, it is easy to wear and has poor flame resistance, so it is not recommended to be used in public spaces such as hotels, building lobby, etc. Relatively, it has a wool-like feel, so the room is recommended for use. .
                • Maintenance: As mentioned earlier, acrylic yarn is a man-made fiber that is easy to clean and take care of. Regular vacuuming and immediate treatment of stains are the most basic maintenance methods. The quick-drying properties of its fluff are also very suitable for deep cleaning.
                • Rayon fiber ~ Rayon (Rayon), also known as rayon or viscose-like (Viscose), is the oldest man-made fiber invented by humans. It was successfully developed by British chemist Charles Frederick Cross in 1894 and officially mass-produced in 1905. business use. Because its raw material is decomposed and recombined from wood pulp cellulose, it is similar to cotton. Properties of natural fibers such as bamboo. its soft. Breathable. cool. High moisture absorption and shining luster are also the best choices to be used to replace viscose.
                  • Advantages and advantages: good drape, good softness, good water absorption, good air permeability, no static electricity, easy to clean.
                  • Precautions: It is derived from wood pulp cellulose, so it also inherits the short fiber characteristics of natural fibers, such as wool fibers are easy to break, and there is a little floating hair. It is recommended to dry clean, and it will shrink easily after washing.
                  • Care and Maintenance: Dry cleaning is recommended. In case of wrinkles, it must be ironed on the reverse side at low temperature. Proper storage is laid flat. ps It is easy to shrink after washing, a small amount of neutral detergent, wash in warm water immediately after soaking for a while, do not twist hard, lay flat to dry and do not expose to direct sunlight.
                  • Hemp fiber~ Made of dry plant fibers, they can be used in any space to inherit their natural beauty. In the manufacture of hemp rugs, the original brownish color of the hemp fiber itself is usually retained and the production method of weaving to emphasize the texture is adopted.
                    • Advantages: Hemp fibers are natural, soft, durable and easy to clean, making hemp fiber rugs ideal for homes with pets. As an area rug, because the fiber itself has a natural tan color, it is easy to integrate into various types of decorative situations, especially in space styles that need to add natural elements, such as the Balinese style that requires a Nanyang atmosphere.
                    • Precautions: As far as rugs are concerned, linen rugs are very easy to take care of, because of their fiber characteristics and natural water absorption, they are very suitable for room rugs and bathroom absorbent pads. However, due to their characteristics, it is recommended to use them regularly in particularly humid environments. Turn or move to outdoor ventilation according to the situation to avoid mildew and even damage to the underlying structure if left untreated for a long time.
                    • Maintenance: Under normal circumstances, hemp blankets only need to be regularly vacuumed and maintained. Using a pump with a brush does not need to worry about thoroughly cleaning and collecting dust from multiple angles. If you accidentally spill a drink, try to blot it up with a dry cloth or paper towel instead of wiping it up. In addition, cleaning methods such as steam cleaning and spot carpet cleaners are not recommended.

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