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Common carpet weaving method (technique) method

Common carpet weaving method (technique) method

1. Ancient hand-knotted carpet

Ancient hand-knotted carpets (also known as hand-knotted carpets) are truly hand-knotted by experienced carpet craftsmen who pass wool yarn through the warp thread (usually cotton thread is used as warp thread) to the next warp thread and then tie a knot to complete a knot. And repeat the above actions until the carpet weaving is completed, a 8' x 10' carpet will have a density of 1 million to 6 million knots, that is, 100~800 knots per square inch, depending on the grade. Normally a carpet of this size would take a craftsman 384 working days to complete.

Iran is the most famous producer of hand-knotted carpets in the world. Its Persian carpets are world-famous and its technological capabilities are unrivaled. Other countries such as Turkey, China, Pakistan, and India are still large exporters of hand-knotted rugs, and each has derived different weaving techniques and local characteristics.

The front and back of the ancient hand-knotted carpet are as delicate
The ancient hand-knotted carpet is as delicate as the front and back

The most important way to judge a hand-knotted rug is to turn it to the back. Its fineness is almost as fine as the front. The main reason is that it has a high density and does not need to weave the sackcloth to let the yarn pass through like a machine-woven rug, so the perspective is better. Another advantage of hand-knotted rugs over other types of rugs is that they need to be washed after weaving, and this process can filter out the impurities in the raw materials themselves to make the fur more shiny and bright.

Ancient hand-knotted carpets must go through a washing process to filter out impurities
Ancient hand-knotted carpets must go through a washing process to filter out impurities

2. Hand-tufted blanket ( gun stabbed blanket )

Hand-tufted rugs usually need to set up a weaving frame perpendicular to the ground and relative to the size of the carpet, and then tightly fix the woven base fabric with small squares on the weaving frame, and then the carpet craftsman uses a carpet gun to separate the weaving frame from the base fabric. The back shoots the yarn towards the front and cuts off so a tuft of fluff is created. Gun-punched rugs do not need to be woven row by row and column by row according to other production methods, and can be unconstrained. Therefore, it is very suitable for architects or designers to tailor patterns or colors that echo the space according to the needs of small-scale special cases. Because this production method requires labor-intensive countries such as India, Thailand, etc. are the main exporters of gun felt blankets . There are also small factories and even studios in countries such as Europe and the United States, but the price is very high and it has evolved into contemporary art and even luxury goods.

hand tufted blanket

An important basis for judging gun stabbing blankets is that the back is usually laminated with a layer of cotton canvas for aesthetic reasons, and some manufacturers or regions will laminate polyester fabrics of lower grades due to cost considerations.

3. Machine-woven carpet

Machine-woven blankets can be subdivided into many different types. There are large-scale wide-width machines that imitate hand-knotted blankets interwoven with warp and weft, such as Wilton or Akminster machines, which are especially suitable for weaving tapestry that requires fineness. The wefts are usually made of jute instead of Warp thread is more common cotton thread. Other large-scale wide-width machines include tufting machines, whose production is very similar to the principle of gun-punched carpet flocking, suitable for weaving plain surfaces or repeating regular geometric figures.

wilton loom

The price of machine-woven carpets is usually much more affordable than that of handmade carpets, and the exporting countries are widely distributed, such as Belgium, the Netherlands, the United States, Turkey, etc. Some manufacturers, such as Belgian bic carpets, even develop luxury machine-woven carpets that can be ordered in small quantities. Even more than handmade blankets.

Belgian International Rugs

4. Flat woven carpet

Flat-woven rugs are broadly classified as linen rugs in the local market. In fact, linen rugs are just a small category of flat-woven rugs. Many flat-woven rugs have patterns rather than just textured plain colors or original hemp colors. The three production methods mentioned above can be used to make flat-woven blankets regardless of hand-woven or machine-woven. Regardless of the technology, the key is not to cut the pile head.

The picture on the left is plain weaving and the right is shearing structure
The picture on the left is plain weave, and the picture on the right is shearing structure

Flat woven blankets have many benefits. The uncut pile can effectively suppress floating hairs, and the wear resistance becomes better. It is suitable for placing roller tables and chairs on it, and it can move without sinking into the piles.

Five. Double yarn

Double-ply yarn (Frise yarn) is a spinning technique that uses double-ply yarns to intertwine or even reheat to make the yarn slightly bent, and then cut the pile to produce a radial shape. The advantage of this technique is that the light and shadow changes on the carpet surface are lively and changeable, and it will not cause too much visual difference between the smooth and reverse wool surface, and it will not leave deep footprints like shearing. In addition, the loose pile can create a fluffy feeling, making the home more warm.

Six. Carving (three-dimensional relief )

Carving (cutting flowers) technique is a common carpet decoration technique. Its purpose is to increase the vividness and three-dimensionality of the pattern so as to increase the value of the product. In terms of technique, craftsmen use electric scissors or sharp scissors to carve along the beveled edge of the pattern by hand. Machine-woven blankets use the method of program control to deliberately omit a weave (Drop points) to achieve the effect of cutting flowers. There is also a combination of different materials that are often used to naturally generate a three-dimensional relief.

Hand-cut flower technique
Hand-cut flower technique

7. Chenille yarn

Chenille is a yarn type rather than a material name. The manufacturer first makes a tight core core and then wraps the core core with short fluffy fabric to make it soft, comfortable and thick like plush. It is a common carpet yarn. one of the species.

Chenille Yarn Balls

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